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We cannot imagine a world without water. If we are ignorant about water security today, building our future won't be easy. Water security is a prominent issue, and it is necessary to use science and innovation along with every state's contribution. It is high time to implement all plans and save water for future generations. Many countries are working in the field of water security. Some have introduced innovative ways to reduce water usage, while others have made the best applications of science and technology to solve water issues. The countries which are facing a problem of water scarcity and water security management are:


Iraq: There are many reasons why Iraq is facing water scarcity issues. To begin with, its weak water infrastructure and agriculture sector and also drilling of illegal wells, and an increase in dam projects are the primary drivers of decreasing water levels in Iraq.


Gaza: Gaza is another location where people are living in water scarcity. The water sources have dried up, and continuous sewage disposal into the sea is further making things worse.


Jordan: Jordan is facing water scarcity due to many factors. It is having inefficient agriculture sector, dependency on Ukraine for food supply and many others, but still, the consumption of water by Jordan is just half.


Let's see how the Middle East is working in the field of water security.


Water security- Challenges and solutions


Many parts of the world are facing the issue of water scarcity, but Middle East countries are significant suffering. Fresh water has become a scarce and critical resource in such countries. These countries try to balance population and water scarcity through water security measures. Some of the challenges faced by Middle East countries in terms of water security are:


Population growth: It is reported that there has been a massive increase in the population of Middle East countries in the past few years. In 2021 it was 386 million populations, and there is a 2% increase every year. It will lower the average per capita amount of fresh water.


Urbanization: A large section of the population in Middle East countries lives in cities. As the population grows, more people shift to urban areas for work. It is seen that people living in cities tend to use water more than the rural area people.


Apart from these two facts, household demand for water is also a factor that is a big challenge in front of Middle East countries.


To manage water scarcity and initiate water security measures, the Middle East countries have started to work smartly through investment and new advanced technologies. They take the following initiatives to solve water scarcity issues and challenges:


Introducing Smart meters for the smart generation


For water, security is necessary so that water wastage is reduced. It is only possible when the coming young generation thinks and acts smartly. Digital customer engagement solutions will be used by 2026 to appeal to young people to work for water security. Intelligent meters are ready for usage, giving up-to-date information about water consumption and waste. It will help people to manage their homes and business efficiency by reducing water wastage. Investing in such smart technologies will allow the countries to adopt better practices and work for water security.


Several investment roundups


The Middle East countries are taking every step to come across the various challenges of water security. Several MOUs, construction of a reservoir and environmental and agriculture projects are developed to save water. Some investments and initiatives among them are Renewable water supplies for NEOM, Rabigh 4 IWP gathers pace, DEWA's triple water reservoir and Saudi Arabia's Tabuk development.